Sea Grant Climate Change Impacts in Virginia: Assembling Natural Resource Data Records as Tools to Assess Continuing Trends
Available Data Sets and Graphs of Data
Category Data type Source URL or Publication Dates Format Notes
Meteorological Heating degree days NOAA Satellite and Information Service http://cdo.ncdc.noaa.gov/pls/plclimprod/somdmain.subquery1 1983-present Downloadable data  Also soil temp, snowfall, wind movement, freeze date
  Cooling degree days NOAA Satellite and Information Service http://cdo.ncdc.noaa.gov/pls/plclimprod/somdmain.subquery1 1983-present Downloadable data   
  Departures from normal Precipitation and Temperature NOAA Satellite and Information Service http://cdo.ncdc.noaa.gov/pls/plclimprod/somdmain.subquery1 1983-present Downloadable data   
  Mean temperature US Historical Climatology Network http://cdiac.ornl.gov/epubs/ndp/ushcn/ushcn.html 1895-2008? Downloadable data & Graphs prepared on website Dates available vary by station, may have to download each station separately
  Total Precipitation US Historical Climatology Network http://cdiac.ornl.gov/epubs/ndp/ushcn/ushcn.html 1895-2008? Downloadable data & Graphs prepared on website Dates available vary by station, may have to download each station separately
  Temperature and rainfall Virginia Cooperative Extension Climate Analysis Web tool http://apps.cals.vt.edu/cgi-bin/WebObjects/ClimateAnalysis.woa/wa/default dates vary depending upon station Downloadable data Data source is NOAA. Maximum temperature, minimum temperature, and rainfall are downloaded to Excel spreadsheet.
  atmospheric gases NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory Global Monitoring Division http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/dv/ftpdata.html varies Downloadable data Data for some parameters are limited, e.g. CO2 collected only at Shenandoah National Park from 2008 to 2011
  climatic data such as precipitation, temperature, wind speed NOAA National Climatic Data Center http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/cdo-web/search#t=firstTabLink varies Downloadable data  
Water Salinity CB Program Water Quality http://www.chesapeakebay.net/data_waterquality.aspx 1984-present Downloadable data   
  Salinity CB Institute Water Quality http://www.chesapeakebay.net/data_waterquality.aspx 1949-1982 Downloadable data   
  Water temperature--Mouth of the Chesapeake Bay NOAA http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/station_history.php?station=chlv2 1984-2009 Downloadable data   
  Water temperature--York River VIMS STAC Climate Change report 1950-2009 Graph   
  Water temperature--York River VIMS   1950-2008 Downloadable data  Can obtain from Gary Anderson
  Water temperature--Throughout CB CB Institute Water Quality http://www.chesapeakebay.net/data_waterquality.aspx 1949-1982 Downloadable data   
  Water temperature--Throughout CB CB Program Water Quality http://www.chesapeakebay.net/data_waterquality.aspx 1984-present Downloadable data   
  Water temperature--Main stem bay CB Program Water Quality STAC Climate Change report 1985-2008 Graph   
  Stream flow CB Program Water Quality http://www.chesapeakebay.net/data_waterquality.aspx 1984-present Downloadable data   
  Annual Mean Inflow to CB USGS  http://md.water.usgs.gov/monthly/bay.html 1937-2007 Graph   
  Water quality parameters CB Institute Water Quality http://www.chesapeakebay.net/data_waterquality.aspx 1949-1982 Downloadable data  TP, TSS, DO, pH
  Water quality parameters CB Program Water Quality http://www.chesapeakebay.net/data_waterquality.aspx 1984-present Downloadable data  Variety of different parameters, DIC, DIN, Chl, Fecal Coliforms, other C/N
  Water quality parameters - Riverine USGS  http://md.water.usgs.gov/monthly/bay.html 1989-present Downloadable data  TSS, TSS, TN, DIN, TP
  Water quality parameters - Virginia Estuarine and Coastal Observing System (VECOS) VIMS http://www2.vims.edu/vecos/ varies depending upon data collection and location ~2003 to present Downloadable data 2 types of data collection: continuous monitoring at fixed stations and dataflow (surface water quality mapping system) 6 parameters: DO, salinity, temperature, pH, turbidity, chlorophyll
  Drought monitor US Drought Monitor; National Drought Mitigation Center; University of Nebraska-Lincoln http://www.drought.unl.edu/dm/dmshps_archive.htm 2000-2010 Downloadable data Data in the form of tables
  Drought information and water resources Virginia Department of Environmental Quality http://www.deq.virginia.gov/waterresources/drought.php varies Downloadable data Contains links to several other useful sites with drought and water resources information; e.g. links to USGS waterwatch site (http://waterwatch.usgs.gov/?state=va&map_type=real&web_type=map) where historic graphs have median past streamflow conditions from 1900 to 2008 (http://waterwatch.usgs.gov/?m=statesum&r=va&w=real%2Cmap)
  Ground Water Climate Response Network US Geological Survey (USGS) http://groundwaterwatch.usgs.gov/StateMaps/VA.html varies--some wells have more than 30 years of data Data available from http://nwis.waterdata.usgs.gov/usa/nwis/gwlevels/ tables of site statistics and graph of ground water data
Fish Blue Crabs (Landings) CB Historical Data sets: Living Resources http://archive.chesapeakebay.net/data/historicaldb/livingresourcesmain.htm 1929-1988 Downloadable data   
  Blue Crabs (Landings) NOAA National Marine Fisheries  http://www.st.nmfs.noaa.gov/st1/commercial/index.html 1950-2008 Downloadable data   
  Oysters (Landings) CB Historical Data sets: Living Resources http://archive.chesapeakebay.net/data/historicaldb/livingresourcesmain.htm 1929-1988 Downloadable data   
  Oysters (Landings) NOAA National Marine Fisheries  http://www.st.nmfs.noaa.gov/st1/commercial/index.html 1950-2008 Downloadable data   
  Molluscs (oysters, hard clams) VIMS Molluscan Ecology Program http://web.vims.edu/mollusc/monrestoration/memonrest.htm varies More recent data in the form of downloadable tables in pdf format; for older data would need to refer to paper reports/publications older data need to be extracted from hard copy reports and publications; e.g. annual oyster monitoring reports range from 1974 to 2010
  Winter flounder (Landings) CB Historical Data sets: Living Resources http://archive.chesapeakebay.net/data/historicaldb/livingresourcesmain.htm 1929-1988 Downloadable data   
  Winter flounder (Landings) NOAA National Marine Fisheries  http://www.st.nmfs.noaa.gov/st1/commercial/index.html 1950-2008 Downloadable data   
  Fish and Crab abundances VIMS Trawl and Seine Surveys http://www.fisheries.vims.edu/trawlseine/vimspage.htm 1968-present Reports are available on web site Requests for data must be submitted directly to fisheries department
Forestry Acres of forestland VA Dept of Forestry http://www.dof.virginia.gov/resinfo/forest-historical-acres.shtml 1630-2001 Table Only various years available.  
  Acres of forestland USDA Forest Inventory and Analysis data http://fia.fs.fed.us/slides/major-trends.pdf 1630-2000 Downloadable data Only various years available. Saved as excel file--can combine with VA Dept of forestry data for slightly more data points 
  GW Forest, Hardwood, softwood growth USDA Forest Inventory and Analysis data http://fia.fs.fed.us/slides/major-trends.pdf 1987-2002 Downloadable data Only various years available. Saved as excel file
  Virginia specific Hardwood, Softwood reports VA Dept of Forestry Select publications: Virginia's Forests 1992, Virginia's Forests 2007 varies Printed data and graphs Could extract data from publications, but not in easy to access format
  Biomass & Standing crops USDA Forest Inventory and Analysis data-Southern online estimator http://fia.fs.fed.us/tools-data/other/default.asp 2000-present? Downloadable data Can't seem to access data, not clear if it exists
  Virginia-wide tree counts, biomass, growth, carbon, removals and mortality USDA Forest Inventory and Analysis data-FIDO 2.0 mapmaker http://fiatools.fs.fed.us/fido/standardrpt.html 1977-2008 Reports Only various years available.  
  Wildfire distributions VA Department of Forestry http://www.dof.virginia.gov/gis/datadownload.shtml 1995-2008 GIS data  
  Reports on status and trends in forest area and location; in the species, size, and health of trees; in total tree growth, mortality, and removals by harvest;  in wood production and utilization rates by various products; and in forest land ownership US Forest Service Forest Inventory and Analysis Database http://apps.fs.fed.us/fiadb-downloads/datamart.html varies Downloadable data  
  mast data VA Departmetn of Forestry Contact DOF or Department of Game and Inland Fisheries for info 1992-2006 pdf table data are by region in Virginia (not by county)
Crops Peanuts (planted, harvested, yield) USDA-NASS quick stats http://www.nass.usda.gov/Data_and_Statistics/Quick_Stats/index.asp 1866-present Downloadable data years available vary by crop
  Soybeans (planted, harvested, yield) USDA-NASS quick stats http://www.nass.usda.gov/Data_and_Statistics/Quick_Stats/index.asp 1866-present Downloadable data years available vary by crop
  Corn (planted, harvested, yield) USDA-NASS quick stats http://www.nass.usda.gov/Data_and_Statistics/Quick_Stats/index.asp 1866-present Downloadable data years available vary by crop
  Wheat (planted, harvested, yield) USDA-NASS quick stats http://www.nass.usda.gov/Data_and_Statistics/Quick_Stats/index.asp 1866-present Downloadable data years available vary by crop
  corn, cotton, soybeans, insects, winter wheat Virginia Cooperative Extension Climate Analysis Web tool http://apps.cals.vt.edu/cgi-bin/WebObjects/ClimateAnalysis.woa/wa/default dates vary depending upon station Downloadable data Provides growing degree day (GDD) information.
Aquatic resources SAV VIMS http://web.vims.edu/bio/sav/?svr=www 1971-2008 Interactive & static maps Not all years available
  SAV VIMS http://web.vims.edu/bio/sav/?svr=www 1971-2008 Downloadable data Not all years available
  Benthic CB Program  http://www.chesapeakebay.net/data_benthic.aspx 1975-Present Downloadable data   
  Plankton CB Program  http://www.chesapeakebay.net/data_plankton.aspx 1984-Present Downloadable data   
Other resources Invasive species, plants & insects Pest tracker, NAPIS http://pest.ceris.purdue.edu/index.php 2000-2008 Graphs  
  Historical census browser University of Virginia Library http://fisher.lib.virginia.edu/collections/stats/histcensus/ 1790-1960 Maps Various different census parameters
  Invasive species in CB SERC http://invasions.si.edu/nemesis/cbsearch.html varies text Would be hard to extract data, but info is very thorough
  Eight-hour ozone exceedances  VA DEQ http://www.deq.virginia.gov/airquality/1990exceed.html 1990-2008 Data tables  
  Colonial water bird survey VAFWIS http://vafwis.org/fwis 1977-2003 Data tables Must log in, data only for various years, organized spatially
  Hourly meteorological data; hurricane and storm records; precipitation data; surficial and groundwater well data; water quality data; marsh grass biomass and cover data/ dune biomass; historic shorelines and upland/marsh boundaries; EcoTrends-Socioeconomic Catalog data for the VCR/LTER Airshed; small mammals; birds Virginia Coast Reserve (VCR) Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Database http://www.vcrlter.virginia.edu/cgi-bin/w3-msql2/data/query/datasets/list_data.html?orderby=t1.use_count+DESC varies Downloadable data Research sites located on ocean-side of Eastern Shore; must request data through online form; time span of data collection varies for each project
  Water column data, sediment contaminants and toxicity data, and benthic macroinvertebrate and demersal fish community and contaminant data Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP) http://www.epa.gov/emap/nca/html/data/index.html 1990-2006 Downloadable data  
  Counts of various raptor species Hawk Count http://hawkcount.org/sitesel.php?country=USA&stateprov=Virginia varies Downloadable data dates vary for different sites, e.g. http://hawkcount.org/siteinfo.php?rsite=476 is Williamsburg site and data range from 1996-2010
  Inventory and monitoring program networks (long-term monitoring of natural resources) in the National Park Service for topics such as air quality, aquatic macroinvertebrates, birds, forest vegetation, water quality and quantity, weather and climate, plus others National Park Service http://science.nature.nps.gov/im/     Click on map to go to one of the 3 regions covering Virginia: Mid Atlantic, Appalachian Highlands, and Northeast Coastal and Barrier.  Data are currently unavailable to the public, but will be available gradually in late 2010 and into 2011.
  Human diseases Virginia Department of Health; Office of Epidemiology; Division of Surveillance and Investigation http://www.vdh.state.va.us/Epidemiology/Surveillance/SurveillanceData/index.htm 1979-2008 Downloadable data tables contain numerous diseases and the number of reported cases
  Waterborne diseases Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/statistics/wbdoss/surveillance.html 1971-2006 pdf reports with data graphs search other departments on CDC website for additional long-term data on human diseases 
  Disease maps US Geological Survey http://diseasemaps.usgs.gov/index.html varies by disease maps and graphs includes diseases such as West Nile Virus, St. Louis Encephalitis, and Equine Encephalitis with data for disease appearance in birds, humans, and mosquitoes; data are available by year for Virginia in the Historical Data link including tables with number of cases by county and yearly totals
  Shenandoah watershed study and Virginia Trout stream sensitivity study Shenandoah National Park http://swas.evsc.virginia.edu/#javascript     25 years of monitoring in Shenandoah National Park
  Monarch butterfly data research paper http://www.bioone.org/doi/pdf/10.2317/0504.06.1 1997-2004 pdf peer-reviewed article data available in Appendix of article
  Land birds--Demographic analyses and Species-landscape models research paper http://www.vabci.org/pdf/VAM_MAPS_Report07a.pdf varies; ~1992 on pdf report with data graphs  
  Gypsy Moth defoliation VA Department of Forestry http://www.dof.virginia.gov/health/gyp-moth-annual.htm 1984-2009 table  
  Vegetation-Ecosystem Modeling and Analysis Project (VEMAP) multi-agency national program http://www.cgd.ucar.edu/vemap/ varies   project to simulate and understand ecosystem dynamics for the continental United States; contains a variety of datasets including climate, agricultural data, natural vegetation
Please note: If a dataset listed here is no longer accessible, or you know of a dataset which should be included, please email us at: ccrm@vims.edu.