W&M > VIMS > CCRM > About Us > People Kirk Havens

Kirk J. Havens

Assistant Director, Center for Coastal Resources Management

Director, Coastal Watersheds Program

B.S. Biology, Old Dominion University

M.S. Oceanography, Old Dominion University

Ph.D. Environmental Science and Public Policy, George Mason University


Watershed Facility
(804) 684-7386

Research Interests

My research interests are marine debris, tidal and nontidal wetlands ecology and functional assessments, environmental law, public policy and land use and watershed issues.

Current Projects

Wetland monitoring and assessment strategies.

Strategies to improve protection of wetland and headwater resources.

Marine debris. Derelict fishing gear and plastic microbeads.

Virginia Coastal Policy Clinic. W&M School of Law. Collaborating Partner.

Development of a hydrogeomorphic regional guidebook for hardwood mineral flat wetlands, depressional wetlands and headwater stream wetlands

Investigation of sea level rise on tidal wetland resources

Development of ecological indicators of aquatic health for the Mid-Atlantic Coast of the USA

Comparison of constructed and natural marshes

Investigation of Phragmites australis invasion of marshes

Development of research protocols for the use of night vision equipment in the survey of animals in wetlands

Selected Publications

Bilkovic, DM, KJ Havens, D Stanhope, and K. Angstadt. 2014. Derelict fishing gear in Chesapeake Bay, Virginia: Spatial patterns and implications for marine fauna. Marine Pollution Bulletin. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2014.01.034.

Wardrop, D.H., M. E. Kentula, R.P. Brooks, M.S. Fennessy, S.J. Chamberlain, K.J. Havens, and C. Hershner. 2013. Monitoring and Assessment of Wetlands: Concepts, Case Studies, and Lessons Learned, Chapter 11 in Mid-Atlantic Freshwater Wetlands: Advances in Wetlands Science, Management, Policy, and Practice, R.P. Brooks & D.H Wardrop (eds). Springer, New York.

Bilkovic, D.M., K. Havens, D. Stanhope, and K. Angstadt. 2012. Use of fully biodegradable panels to reduce derelict pot threats to marine fauna. Conservation Biology 26(6): 957-966. This research was featured in Scientific American, Jan 2013.

Bilkovic, D.M., M.R. Mitchell, C.H. Hershner, K.J. Havens. 2012. Transitional wetland faunal community characterization and response to precipitation-driven salinity fluctuations. Wetlands 32:425-437.

K. J. Havens, D.M. Bilkovic, D. Stanhope, and K. Angstadt. 2011. Fishery failure, unemployed commercial fishers, and lost blue crab pots: An unexpected success story. Environmental Science & Policy, Volume 14, Issue 4, Pages 445-450.

Brooks, R., M. M. Brinson, K.J. Havens, C. Hershner, R. Rheinhardt, D.H. Wardrop, D. Whigham, A. D. Jacobs, and J. M. Rubbo. 2011. Proposed Hydrogeomorphic Classification for Wetlands of the Mid-Atlantic Region, USA. Wetlands DOI 10.1007/s13157-011-0158-7.

Havens, K.J., D. Bilkovic, D. Stanhope, and K. Angstadt. 2009. Location, location, location: the importance of cull ring placement in blue crab traps. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 138:720-724.

Perry, J., D.M. Bilkovic, K. Havens, and C. Hershner. 2009. Tidal Freshwater Marshes of the Mid-Atlantic and Southeastern United States. In Tidal Freshwater Wetlands, pp. 157-166. Eds: A. Barendregt, D.F. Whigham, A.H. Baldwin; Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Hershner, C. and K.J. Havens. 2009. Ecosystem Services and Management of Invasive Species in a Changing System: Response to Martin and Blossey. Conservation Biology 23 (2): 497-498.

Brooks, R., M. McKenney-Easterling, M. Brinson, R. Rheinhardt, K. Havens, D. O'Brien, J. Bishop, J. Rubbo, B. Armstrong, and J. Hite. 2009. A Stream-Wetland-Riparian (SWR) index for assessing condition of aquatic ecosystems in small watersheds along the Atlantic slope of the eastern U.S. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 150: 101-117.

Hershner, C. and K.J. Havens. 2008. Managing invasive aquatic plants in a changing system: strategic consideration of ecosystems services. Conservation Biology 22 (3): 544-550.

Chambers, R.M., K.J. Havens, T.M. Russell, S. Killeen, and M. Berman. 2008. Common Reed Phragmites Australis Distribution in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed. Wetlands, Vol. 28, No. 4, December 2008, pp. 1097-1103 (pdf)

Chambers, R.M., K.J. Havens, T.M. Russell, S. Killeen, and M. Berman. 2008. Common Reed Phragmites Australis Distribution in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed. Wetlands, Vol. 28, No. 4, December 2008, pp. 1097–1103 (pdf)

K. J. Havens, D.M. Bilkovic, D. Stanhope, K. Angstadt, and C. Hershner. 2008. Derelict Blue Crab Trap impacts on marine fisheries in the lower York River, Virginia. N. Am J. of Fish. Manag. 28(4):1194-1200. (pdf)

Wardrop, D.H., C. Hershner, K. Havens, K. Thornton and D.M. Bilkovic.  2007. Developing and Communicating a Taxonomy of Ecological Indicators: A Case Study from the Mid-Atlantic. EcoHealth. 4(2):179-186.

Havens, K., C. Hershner, D.M. Bilkovic and D.H. Wardrop.  2007. Assessment of Chesapeake Bay Program Selection and Use of Indicators.EcoHealth. 4(2):187-193.

Bilkovic, D., C.H. Hershner, M.R. Berman, K.J. Havens, and D. Stanhope. 2004. Evaluating Estuarine Indicators of Ecosystem Health in the Nearshore of Chesapeake Bay. Estuarine Indicators Workshop Proceedings CRC Press, Inc.,Vol. 28, 560.

Havens, K.J., H. Berquist and W. I. Priest. 2003. Common Reed Grass, Phragmites australis, Expansion into Constructed Wetlands: Are we mortgaging our wetland future? Estuaries 26 (2B): 417-422.

Varnell, L.M., D.A. Evans, and K.J. Havens. 2002. A geomorphological model of intertidal cove marshes with application to wetlands management. Ecological Engineering 19(5): 339-347.

Havens, K.J., L.M. Varnell, B. Watts. 2002. Maturation of a constructed tidal marsh relative to two natural reference tidal marshes over 12 years. Ecological Engineering, Vol 18 (3) pp. 305-315.

Perry, J.E., T.A. Barnard, J.G. Bradshaw, C. Friedrichs, K.J. Havens, P. Mason, W. Priest, and G. Silberhorn. 2001. Creating tidal salt marshes in the Chesapeake Bay. Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. 27, 170-191.

Pyke, C.R. and K.J. Havens. 1999. The distribution of the invasive reed Phragmites australis relative to sediment depth in a constructed wetland. Wetlands 19(1):283-287.

Havens, K.J. and E. Sharp. 1998. The use of thermal imagery in the aerial survey of animals. Wildlife Soc. Bull. 26(1):17-23.

Havens, K.J. 1997. The effect of vegetation on soil redox within a seasonally flooded forested system. Wetlands 17(2): 237-242.

External Committees

Chesapeake Bay Program Scientific and Technical Advisory Committee, Chair 2013-2015, Gubernatorial Appointee,http://www.chesapeake.org/stac/index.php
King & Queen County Wetlands Board, Chair
US Environmental Protection Agency Science Advisory Board. Great Lakes Restoration Initiative Action Plan Panel. 2011.
Credentialed expert witness on wetlands. 2008. Vico Construction Corp & Amelia
Venture Properties, LLC vs. US EPA. Docket No. CWA-03-2001-0021.
Chesapeake Bay Program Forestry Workgroup
Chesapeake Bay Program Nontidal Wetlands Workgroup
USDA State Technical Committee